Afghan women faced the threat of mutilation for wearing nail polish or lipstick. They were barred from stepping out of home without male companion, were publicly flogged for violating the dress code. They were denied education. These were the condition of women under Taliban rule from 1996-2001. They were not treated as humans, a girl could not go to school and even could not visit a doctor without a male companion.
Peace talks have always been a sophisticated process across the world, but in Afghanistan it is more than that because of Taliban.
COUNTRY’S EXPERIENCE OVER THE TIME:
The country has witnessed the overthrow of the monarchy, a nationalist dictatorship, communist rule, the mujahideen era, the Taliban’s Islamic emirate and the current Islamic Republic. It has also experienced almost three decades of presence of foreign forces and outside interference, especially from Pakistan.
The balance of Afghan society and polity, shaken in 1973 with the monarchy’s department, has never been restored. Instead sharpening ethnic divides, extremist ideologies and theologies, large migration to foreign lands, internal displacements, spread of narcotics and violence have become endemic.
1- The most significant issue in these negotiations will relate to the nature of Islam in Afghanistan. The taliban accepts Hanafi jurisprudence like the majority of Afghans but beleive that the Islamic Sharia in its extreme Deobandi interpretation along with distorted Pashtun social codes must be uncompromisingly followed. That manifests itself in the approach to other faiths, other Islamic mazhabs, gender issues, social conduct and apparel and even facial hair.
2- However laudable the peace process may be, it would be unrealistic to expect the Taliban to agree to a ceasefire though they may calibrate as the talks progress. The Taliban fears that if cadres are not used, they may just fritter away. Also, Kabul would not take them seriously if it lost the ability to inflict damages.
3- At its core the Taliban is Pashtun, its treatment of non-pashtun Afghan ethnicities during its rule generated hatred and fear among them. Since it has tried to put forward a pan-Afghan image.
AMID PEACE TALKS: WHAT OTHER FEARS
While the peace talks was going on, the pakistan taliban worried about losing ground in Afghanistan, seeks to re-establish themselves. The ethnic Pashtun border region was for years a haven for its militants who fled the US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001. But the Pakistani military cleared out the strongholds in a 2014 – offensive, driving most of the fighters into Afghanistan. But since March this year Al-Qaeda linked Pakistani Taliban, facing the risk of losing havens on the Afghan Taliban allies make peace there, have unleashed a wave of attacks on the Pakistani security forces.
September (month in which peace talk is going on between Afghan government and taliban) has seen near daily incidents of roadside attacks to sniper attacks, to ambushes and the killing of residents accused of collaborating with government Forces.
In my opinion I believe that, The Pakistani Taliban or Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan’s (TTP) increasing activity is concerning because of its activities and it’s link to Al-Qaeda. It could again provide significant support to international groups if it continues to regain around.
The UN said in a report in July there were more than 6000 Pakistanis
fighters in Afghanistan, most affiliated with the TTP, who could be heading home if they loose their refuge.